Fact Checking Media on the 30th Anniversary of the Romanian Revolution (III): “Decembrie rosu” (episodul 2, Iasi)

For the previous two episodes of this ongoing series, see the below.  As the reader will note, I have changed the title from articles to media, to include video/film, etc.

https://rolandothomassonphd.home.blog/2019/11/29/fact-checking-articles-on-the-30th-anniversary-of-the-romanian-revolution-ii-romanias-1989-revolution-generation-await-ex-presidents-trial-29-november-2019-elena-bancila-mama-lui-bogdan-ser/

https://rolandothomassonphd.home.blog/2019/11/10/fact-checking-articles-on-the-30th-anniversary-of-the-romanian-revolution-i-most-shocking-revolution-of-1989-still-casts-a-shadow-on-europe-6-november-2019/

Decembrie rosu (Red December, clearly both to connote the idea that the communists perpetuated their power AND that they did so through the loss of innocent blood) is a 15 part series showing on TVR.  The first four episodes this past week were posted on youtube, although the fourth, which is the second episode about Timisoara was removed later, for reasons which remain unclear (I did see people linking to it; hopefully this will not happen here with episode 2).  I have skimmed these first four episodes and one thing seems apparent at this point:  episodes 3 and 4, by Razvan Butnaru, do not appear quite as tendentious as episode 2 by Corneliu Mihalache.  I have previously written about Mihalache’s skillful, but manipulative documentaries, for example here:

https://rolandothomassonphd.home.blog/2019/07/01/cornel-mihalache-partidul-comunist-si-armata-hotarati-sa-sacrifice-securitatea-securitatea-nu-raspunde-la-provocari-lasand-armata-fara-inamic-min-21-televiziunea-la-zidul-revolutiei-2014

https://rolandothomassonphd.home.blog/2019/07/02/cornel-mihalache-partidul-comunist-si-armata-hotarati-sa-sacrifice-securitatea-securitatea-nu-raspunde-la-provocari-lasand-armata-fara-inamic-min-21-televiziunea-la-zidul-revolutiei-2014-2/

There are many aspects of these first four episodes that deserve to be called out.  For now, I will note how in episode 1, between minutes 43:00 and 44:00, against the backdrop of sinister music, the narrator suggests ALL of the changes in Eastern Europe in 1989, all the changes of leadership and regimes, were the work of Mikhail Gorbachev and the “intervention” of the Soviet Union, with Romania, the only “domino” yet to fall.  This sets up an ominous prologue for where this 15 part series on Romania’s main public tv station is set to go for three weeks on the 30th anniversary of December 1989…

If in episodes 3 and 4, Razvan Butnaru gives a surprising amount of time to the former deputy chief of the Securitate for Timis County (Timisoara), Radu Tinu, to spin his narrative, and at least toward the end of episode 4, there is at least a little questioning/push back.  That is not the case with episode 2 and Corneliu Mihalache’s presentation of his interviews with colonel Constantin Ciurlau, the former head of Securitate in Iasi.  Here is a summary of Mihalache’s clips interviewing Ciurlau (I highly encourage people to watch them!  They are very revealing.)

9:55-10:38; 11:40-12:17 (“tourists” were responsible for flyers with the name “National Salvation Front” on them)

14:55-15:18 Suggests one knows based on the fact that Iliescu and others came to power and these people had ties to “Eastern spy services” (i.e. Soviet Union), that they were responsible for what happened in December 1989

16:35-17:33 In whose interests was it that crowds should “coagulate” around Tokes in Timisoara, in whose interest was it to have the bloodshed and victims?  He hints that somehow because Iasi did not have these things, it is to the merit of the Iasi Securitate.

19:35-21:17 Securitate Director General Iulian Vlad was in contact, sent people from unit 0110.  They clearly must have had information that many more people from Soviet Moldova were implicated in the events.

22:03-22:28 The Securitate in Iasi didn’t arrest, investigate or beat anyone, wasn’t their job!

32:23 (They, the Securitate, and he) deserve praise for the lack of a bloodbath like in Timisoara.  Sure they had long since told the Party about the threat posed by the USSR etc, but they had no power to do anything…

34:35-34:55 Praises the arrested demonstrator Pruteanu as the only one who couldn’t be bought off

*36:05 December 1989 wasn’t an uprising against Ceausescu or the communist regime, but “an action against the Romanian state” by East and West who exploited the grievances of the population versus the party, in conjunction with agenturii (36:43), who together undermined Ceausescu’s actions like the meeting on 21 December…(37:23) the revolution ended with the taking of the power by the group well known for its ties to Eastern (and some Western) espionage services, Iliescu et. al.

**38:36-38:50 Stanculescu’s military coup d’etat (explanation added by Mihalache in part) supported the political seizure of power by Iliescu et. al. (oh, how the military prosecutors will loves this…)

***39:06-Iliescu on TVR with aberatii about the securisti-teroristi, 39:19 look at the Army’s special units, 39:38 DIA (!) they are the real terrorists, if Mihalache looks there he will find the “adevarul adevarat” about December 1989 and who were the terrorists…40:42…(these last three clips are the trifecta of standard former Securitate revisionism on December 1989…Mihalache embraces it and eggs him on…)

46:22 Not Ciurlau, but perhaps fitting the coda to this miserable episode:  among the few things that remain from the events of Iasi in mid-December 1989, o punga (plastic bag) from the Dinamoviada…(exactly, and that is where Mihalache’s episode and especially the clips with the former head of the Iasi Securitate should be stored)…

for further reading about Iasi 14 December 1989 on the internet, see here:
https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/2010/12/10/dinamoviada-iasi-decembrie-1989-si-sportivi-in-treninguri-cu-acelasi-de-tip-geanta-cazati-la-unirea-traian-si-moldova/

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/2010/12/14/iasi-14-decembrie/

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/2010/12/12/constantin-isac-intre-14-si-22-decembrie-dinamovist-de-judo-la-iasi-prezent-in-zona-crematoriului-cenusa-si-martor-in-piata-universitatii/

 

 

 

Fact Checking articles on the 30th Anniversary of the Romanian Revolution (II): Romania’s 1989 revolution generation await ex-president’s trial (29 November 2019; Elena Bancila, mama lui Bogdan Serban Stan)

https://rolandothomassonphd.home.blog/2019/11/10/fact-checking-articles-on-the-30th-anniversary-of-the-romanian-revolution-i-most-shocking-revolution-of-1989-still-casts-a-shadow-on-europe-6-november-2019/

Romania’s 1989 revolution generation await ex-president’s trial

https://www.france24.com/en/20191129-romania-s-1989-revolution-generation-await-ex-president-s-trial

Bucharest (AFP)

On the morning of December 22, 1989, Bogdan Stan drank his usual cup of coffee and went to join the wave of protests against Romania’s communist regime.

Shortly after that, he was shot and killed in front of the public TV building.

Almost 30 years later, his mother Elena Bancila is pinning her hopes for justice on the trial of former president Ion Iliescu for crimes against humanity — the most prominent leader to face charges.

Bancila, now 75, is among the victims gathering for a preliminary hearing in Bucharest on Friday, the first step in a trial expected to take months.

She believes Iliescu, who took control of the government on December 22, is responsible for the death of her son.

The 89-year-old former leader, once a senior communist who served as the first president of post-revolution Romania, rejects the accusations and is not expected to appear in court on Friday.

Romania was the last Soviet satellite to overthrow a communist regime during a bloody revolution that began on 15 December 1989 in the western city of Timisoara.

Seven days later, hundreds of thousands took over the centre of the capital Bucharest.

Dictator Nicolae Ceausescu fled in a helicopter but was arrested along with his wife and executed on December 25 after a summary trial.

– ‘Assassin behind the assassins’ –

Iliescu had already taken power by then and prosecutors accuse him of “contributing to the institution of a generalised psychosis” by spreading misinformation about supposed terrorists loyal to Ceausescu.

Prosecutors say Iliescu’s pronouncements increased the risk of “instances of friendly fire, chaotic shooting and contradictory military orders”, with 862 people killed after December 22.

According to historian Madalin Hodor, the suggestion of the presence of “terrorists” was an attempt to divert attention from killings committed by the Securitate secret police and the army in the weeks leading up to Ceasescu’s fall.

An investigation into the bloody aftermath of the revolution has been opened and closed several times over the past three decades, adding to the pain and frustration of survivors and families of victims who long for justice.

Marius Mioc, who participated in the early hours of the uprising of Timisoara, told AFP: “The presence in high public office of people whose interest was to hide the truth has diverted the investigation and delayed the start of the trial.”

“Iliescu is the assassin behind the assassins,” says a sobbing Elena Bancila, who has kept her son’s blood-stained trousers and his bullet hole-ridden coat.

“He wanted to keep Romanians indoors, afraid that they would also rise up against communism’s second tier, to which Iliescu belonged,” she added.

– ‘We were humiliated’ –

In addition to Iliescu, former deputy prime minister Gelu Voican-Voiculescu and former military chief Iosif Rus will also be tried for crimes against humanity.

Nicoleta Giurcanu, a slight 44-year-old woman with short blonde hair, is another of the victims who has spent years trying to “reconstruct the puzzle” of her traumatic experiences in December 1989.

On 21 December, at the age of 14, she joined anti-Ceausescu protesters in central Bucharest alongside her brother and her father.

Spared by the bullets that killed 50 other people that night, they were arrested and taken first to police headquarters and then prison.

“It was horrible, we were beaten, humiliated,” she told AFP.

Separated from their father, Nicoleta and her brother were not released until the evening of December 23.

Nobody has ever been tried for the abuses.

She also holds Iliescu responsible, saying his party had “risen to power by taking advantage of the crimes of December 1989”.

“I want to see Iliescu in prison if it’s only one day,” she says.

Bancila, who for 30 years has kept her son’s unwashed last coffee cup, thinks the trial might finally “wash the shame of a judiciary which pretended it was free”.

“I’ve been waiting for justice for 30 years, because they took my son’s right to enjoy the freedom he was fighting for in the street”, she said.

…………………………………………………

Elena Bancila’s is a sad and tragic story.  Of course, it is very important to know the details of how her son, Bogdan Serban Stan, died, and how the broader public narratives of December 1989 have distorted memory and interpretation of those details.  Let us go back then, to 1990-1991, when the details were still fresh, for Elena Bancila, and for those who were with her son, when he was shot…

“Un alt lucru, deosebit de important pe care mama acestui tinar cazut in Revolutie ni-l semnaleaza, este dimensiunea glontului cu care el a fost impuscat. ,Mergind la Spitalul Vitan-Birzesti, unde fiul meu a decedat pe masa de operatie, am vazut fisa medicala in care era descrisa operatia facuta fiului meu, precum si patru clisee radiografice, reprezentind rana prin impuscare de la sold, clavicula stinga fracturata de al doilea glonte, care i-a perforat plaminul sting, oprindu-se in vertebra T 9 a coloanei vertebrale. De fapt, al treilea cliseu arata tocmai glontele ramas in sire spinarii, intrerupind fascicolul de maduva. Ultimul cliseu reprezenta toracele, unde se distingea, foarte vag, doar plaminul drept, restul fiind o imensa pata produsa de puternica hemoragie interna care se declansase la patrunderea…glontului. De ce v-am povestit toate aceste lucruri? Pentru ca in fisa medicala am citit, si aceasta se poate demonstra si pe baza cliseului, ca diametrul orficiului produs in vertebra T9 avea diametrul de 6 mm, ceea ce demonstreaza clar ca arma folosita pentru asasinarea fiului meu a avut calibrul sub 6 milimetri. Deci, daca cel putin oficial, trupele MAN aveau in dotare amre de calibru 7,62 mm, iar trupele MI–arme cu calibrul de 9 mm, cine si cu ce fel de arma a tras, atunci, in fiul meu. Mai exact in dotarea cui se aflau arme cu calibrul sub 6 mm in seara zilei de 22 decembrie 1989?”

Cristina Balint si Nicolae Tone, “Eu nu pot fi cumparata,” Tineretul Liber, 22 septembrie 1991.

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,Am insistat la dl. procuror Mugurel Florescu sa se faca ancheta, sa se vada cine a admis folosirea unei astfel de arme, cae este de productie romaneasca. Mi s-a raspuns ca o sa se ancheteze, dar sa am rabdare. Nici pina azi, iata, nu mi s-a dat raspuns, nu s-a facut nici o cercetare in privinta aceasta…’ Bineinteles, afirmatiile d-nei Bancila trebuie verificate. Un raspuns in aceasta directie al organelor de ancheta trebuie sa fie dat fara intirziere. De ce el nu a fost, oare dupa luni si luni de zile, inca formulat? Sa fie, apoi, o legatura directa intre refuzul anchetarilor de a efectua o cercetare atenta a depozitiei mamaei tinarului impucat in decembrie si faptul, iarasi dubios, ca in clipa de fata nu se stie care este soarta celor patru radiografii facute lui Serban Bogdan Stan in scurta perioada de spitalizare de dinainte de deces? ,Nimeni nu stie ce s-a intimplat cu aceste clisee, ne spune nedumerita d-na Elena Bancila. Am sesizat Procuratura, aceste radiografii, care au termen de pastrare de cel putin 15 ani, fiind foarte importante. In special cea care face dovada ca glontele oprit in vertebra T9 a coloanei vertebrale este de un calbiru mai mic de 6 mm. Este cu totul incredibil ceea ce se intimpla….”

Cristina Balint si Nicolae Tone, “Daca altfel nu se poate, voi cere deshumarea fiului meu,” Tineretul Liber, 24 septembrie 1991.

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“…Ma primeste dl. Tatulici plin de amabilitate si incepe sa ma chestioneze, sa vada ce stiu, cit stiu daca pot sau nu dovedi ceva din ceea ce spun…I-am spus doar atit, ca Bogdan a fost impucat cu arma sub 6 mm. ,De unde stiti aceasta?’ m-a intrebat. ,Pai daca orificiul din sira spinarii, din vertebra T 9, este de 6 mm, i-am raspuns automat obiectul care a produs perforarea trebuie sa fie mai mic decit 6 mm.’ I-am spus si faptul ca am aflat ca arma respectiva abia dupa Revolutie a aparut in dotarea armatei. Si mi-a pus atunci o intrebare: ,Puteti sa-mi dovediti ca aceasta arma nn era in dotarea armatei pe 22 decembrie?’ La care i-am raspuns: ‘Dar d-ta poti sa-mi dovedesti mie ca aceasta arma era in dotarea armatei, ca sa pot sa acuz armata de asasinarea copilului meu?”

Si apoi tergiversarea cercatorilor legale pe acest dosar, disparitia celor patru radiografii, nelamurirea in nici un fel a faptului daca armele cu calibrul sub 6 mm au fost sau nu folosite–si daca da de catre cine–in zilele lui Decembrie 1989….

Cristina Balint si Nicolae Tone, “De ce domnule Tatulici?” Tineretul Liber, 25 septembrie 1991.

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articolul din Tineretul Liber invocat era despre Bogdan Serban Stan, jucator de rugby, impuscat cu un glont “vidia 6 mm” (Elena Bancila, Trage lasule!, p. 94)

 

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One of the particularly moving stories of the December events is that of Bogdan Serban Stan, 21 years old and one of three members of the under-22 Rapid Bucuresti rugby team who perished in the events.  Bogdan’s mother, Elena Bancila, was determined not to let the memory of her son be forgotten with his tragic death.  Bogdan had demonstrated on the night of 21-22 December in University Square and returned to fight at Television where on the night of 23 December at 3:50 am he was shot by an assailant in civilian clothes:  “The path of the ‘6 mm vidia’ cartridge blew a hole through his lung and ‘passed through’the T9 section of his spine, coming to a rest vertically in the bone marrow.”[45]

[45] Elena Bancila, Trage Lasule! (Bucuresti:  Editura Victor Frunza, 1990), pp. 65-66 (from Adevarul, 13 January 1990), and quote from pp. 94-95.  Bancila also claimed that a hospital nurse had told her some of those killed appeared to have been the victims of “exploding bullets” (see the series by Cristina Balint and Nicolae Tone in Tineretul Liber in September 1991, particularly part XI “Eu nu pot fi cumparata [I can’t be bought],” and part XII “Daca altfel nu se poate, voi cere deshumarea [If there is no other way, I’ll ask for his body to be exhumed], 22 and 24 September 1991 respectively).  In this series, the bullet that killed her son is referred to as “under 6 mm.”

from “ORWELLIAN…POSITIVELY ORWELLIAN:” PROSECUTOR VOINEA’S CAMPAIGN TO SANITIZE THE ROMANIAN REVOLUTION OF DECEMBER 1989 (Part III, A Fistful of Bullets: Unregistered, Atypical Munitions…)

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/2009/11/14/gloante-vidia-de-56-mm-22-24-decembrie-89-zona-tvr/

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/rugbistul-bogdan-serban-stan-mama-lui-elena-bancila-1991/

 

Nicolae Stefan Soucoup relates here the places from which the “terrorists” fired on the TV building and that they used infrared weapons whose light could be seen in the night.  He then goes on to talk about the third front of battle from which the terrorists fired–from within the ranks of those defending the Television building.  “Infiltration” was indeed a feature of the urban guerilla warfare in the “lupta de rezistenta” of the “terorists” (details to which I shall return at a later date).  Soucoup then relates the tragic death of the well-known rugby star Bogdan Serban Stan, whom Soucoup claims told him:  “I was shot by a civilian near me,” in Soucoup’s estimation, one of the terrorists who had infiltrated into the ranks of the defenders.  In Soucoup’s account in the 1990 volume Revolutia romana in direct (pp. 133-134; posted below), he mentions the unusual caliber and type of bullet with which some of those in the vicinity of Television were killed or wounded.

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(Nicolae Stefan Soucoup, interview by Nicolae Tone, Tineretul Liber, 21 decembrie 1991, page 3; xerox from Library of Congress)

–Si aici am vazut acea luminita rosiatic-violacee, luminita zarita prima oara in Piata Dorobanti.  Militarii de profesie mi-au confirmat ca este vorba despre o luneta cu infrarosii.  Fiind noapte, nu aveam tinta decit aceste luminite ,plimbatoare’.  Spun ,plimbatoare’ pentru ca ea aparea la intervale diferite in diverse locuri, ceea ce m-a determinat sa cred ca nu erau prea multi tragatori inauntru.  Erau putini, dar nu trageau niciodata din acelasi loc….Eram asezati in spatele cabinei de la intrarea de pe Calea Dorobanti, fiind prinsi intre trei tiruri de gloante.  Se tragea din fata noastra, de pe strada Pangratti, cit si din lateral, din imobile de pe Dorobanti, strada Teheran, strada Pictor Rosenthal….(–Si al treilea tir de unde venea?)–Al treilea tir venea dinspre curtea Televiziunii si din blocul Turn al Televiziunii, dar ne tintea pe noi, care aparam institutia, cit si pe manifestanti, si nu pe cei care ne atacau.  Acest tir apartinea celor infiltrati printre noi, dar care, in realitate, erau de cealalta parte a baricadei.  (–Va rog sa-mi explicati mai pe larg aceste afirmatii.)–Va pot da un exemplu, foarte cunoscut deja.  In dimineata zilei de 23 Decembrie, pe la orele 4, la o mica distanta de mine, respectiv, linga grupul statuar din fonta, a fost impuscat un tinar, Stan Bogdan Serban, despre care chiar dv. ati scris pe larg.  Adus pe subtiori de doi revolutionari, acesta ne-a spus cu vocea stinsa:  ,Am fost impuscat de un civil de linga mine!’  Aceste cuvinte ale lui nu le pot uita.  Mi-este foarte clar ca Bogdan Serban a fost victima tocmai a ,teroristilor’ infiltrati printre noi.

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Nicolae Stefan Soucoup:  Intre orele 5,00 si 7,00 [23 decembrie 1989] trageri intense.  La un moment dat, dintr-una din cladiri se trage asupra sa cu arma cu infrarosu, calibru 5,6 mm (retine glontul)….In ziua de 24 decembrie ora 7 tir puternic spre casa scarii de la pasarela (din cladirea Studiourilor); gloantele care ricosau erau d calibrul 5,6 mm.

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Nu uitati! N-au existat teroristi in decembrie 1989: “Amintirile unui terorist,” Revista Jandarmeriei, 1992.

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Nicolae Rotaru, “Amintirile unui terorist:  TERORISTUL,” Revista Jandarmeriei, nr. 8 (31 martie 1992), p. 6

http://www.revista.jandarmeriaromana.ro/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/8_1992-comp.pdf

“Executati Ciumafaia trei-doi-zero.  Sint eu, Arlechinul patru sute.”

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Nicolae Rotaru, “Amintirile unui terorist:  Anonimele,” Revista Jandarmariei, nr. 10 (4 mai 1992), p. 6.

http://www.revista.jandarmeriaromana.ro/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/10_1992-comp.pdf

https://www.sri.ro/upload/intelligence14dec.pdf

despre viitorii jandarmi in decembrie 1989:

Col. Porumbelu ne-a tacut un mic istoric din care am sa citez:  “Din 22 dec. in 28 am fost teroristi!  Din 28 pina in martie am fost M.Ap.N.-isti.  Pina pe 5 iulie sintem trupe de jandarmi….

(Nicolae Stefan Soucoup, interview by Nicolae Tone, Tineretul Liber, 21 decembrie 1991, page 3; xerox from Library of Congress)

Nicolae Stefan SoucoupAm fost martor, tot in 23 Decembrie, la audierea unui cetatean prins in curtea Televiunii si care era ranit in zona toracica stinga.  Era imbracat intr-un combinezon kaki.  Este vorba despre ,celebrul’ Dutu S., care a actionat in Calea Dorobantilor.  El a iesit din casa in flacari de la nr. 228 de pe Calea Dorobantilor, colt cu Teheran.  A traversat strada, a zarit gardul viu si a tras o rafala asupra unui tanc.  A fost anihilat imediat.  Iesind din casa in flacari, avea cenusa in par, cenusa si moloz in rizurile cizmei, arsuri pe combinezon.  A fost legat si dus intr-o camera de montaj la Etajul 1, camera fara ferestre si cu acces doar din hol.  Aici am state de vorba cu el impreuna cu o criminalista de la Procuratura, Rodica Chebeleu, care l-a abordat din punct de vedere juridic.  Eu am depus o munca pe care n-am facut-o niciodata:  am apelat la elementele de suflet dragi fiecariua dintre noi:  “N-ai vazut, erau femei, copii, daca i-ai omorit chiar pe ai tai?”  I-am promis viata, in schimbul informatiilor pe care ni le va oferi….Dupa declaratiile lui era din garda personala a perechii dictatoriale.  Avea gradul de sergent major si era instruit in subunitatea de la Rosu.  Erau circa 120 de oameni comandati de un locotenent major Iovanovici, Dutu fiind ajutorul comandantului de pluton.  N-a recunoscut ca  a tras, dar miinile innegrite, imbracamintea il demascau.  Era socat, dar foarte abil in a face pe obositul, pe extnuatul.  Avea el o poveste pusa la punct, dar in conditiile date probabil ca incerca s-o adapteze.  Facea din cind in cind crize de pierdere a cunostintei.  Consuma foarte, foarte multa apa, probabil datorita starii pricinuite de rana pe care o avea.  Erau momente cind gaseam la el cite o privire cercetatoare, care contrazicea starea de sfirseala pe care o manifesta.  Deci, era instruit sa reziste la orice forma de interogatoriu….De la el am aflat, in final, sistemul de atac asupra Televiziunii.  Cunoscind modul de a actiona, implicit a recunoscut ca a facut patre dintre atacatori.  El asigura dispozitivul numit ,FALEAZA’.  Din declaratiile lui a aparut si modul in care se incercau diversiuni in interiorul Televiziunii.  A amintit de un asa-zis dispozitiv secret ,CUTIILE VERZI’ care dupa mine, nu puteau fi decit cupoletele din curtea Televiziunii inconjurate de vegetatie.  Ventilatiile asigurau si ele controlul, pe verticala si pe orizontla, in toate corpurile Televiziunii.  Am aflat ca prin canalizre, printr-o casa conspirativa din spatele Televiziunii (din strada Zambacian), se putea intra in subsolul institutiei.  De aici, prin gurile de ventilatie se putea iesi oriunde se vroia.  Orice gura de ventilatie era un ochi care isi alegea victima.  Asa se si explica de ce in subsol la corp-studiouri au fost gasiti multi morti.

Silviu Stefan Dutu’s referenced unit was U.M. 0530 Bucuresti (Rosu), Special Unit 1 Securitare Bucharest.

Istoria Unităţii Speciale 70 Jandarmi Protecţie Instituţională Bucureşti este una destul de zbuciumată, trecând rând pe rând prin mai multe etape organizatorice. Dintre cele mai importante putem aminti: în anul 1949, unitatea purta denumirea  Batalionul Securitate Gărzi Capitală (rezultat din transformarea Batalionului Jandarmi Gărzi Capitală) şi ulterior s-a transformat în Regimentul Securitate Gărzi Bucureşti (avea în subordine Batalionul 1 Securitate Gărzi, Batalionul 2 Securitate Gărzi şi Compania Penitenciare), comandantul fiind, atunci, colonelul Gheorghe Sachetti.  Anii au trecut, au avut loc schimbări în structura organizatorică, dar şi de denumire, iar în anul 1984  Batalionul a fost reorganizat, fiind ridicat la rangul de unitate specială, cu denumirea de Unitatea Specială 1 Securitate Bucureşti, dată la care se schimbă indicativul numeric din U.M. 0609 Bucureşti în U.M. 0530 Bucureşti.  După reorganizarea Jandarmeriei Române din 1 septembrie 1990, Batalionul 1 Jandarmi Bucureşti şi-a desfăşurat activitatea în subordinea Brigăzii 17 Jandarmi Bucureşti (din anul 1998 – Comandamentul de Jandarmi Teritorial Bucureşti), până la data de 1 august 2000, când în urma unei alte reorganizări Comandamentul de Jandarmi Teritorial Bucureşti se desfiinţează. Cu această ocazie Batalionul 1 Jandarmi Bucureşti este restructurat, devenind Unitatea Specială 70 Jandarmi Pază Obiective Bucureşti, dar păstrându-şi indicativul numeric. În anul 2005 unitatea şi-a schimbat denumirea în Unitatea Specială 70 Jandarmi Pază şi Protecţie Instituţională Bucureşti. http://www.jandarmeriaromana.ro/RevistaJandarmeriei/Pagini/ArhivaSiteMai2013.html

 

“Saptamina trecuta am incheiat un ciclu de 2 saptamini de pregatire si examinare, la Baneasa, pentru obtinerea gradului de subofiter.  Acest ciclu l-am efectuat la Baneasa, deoarece stagiul militar de 9 luni, l-am satisfacut intr-o unitate apartinind Securitatii Statului.

–Ce specific a avut pregatirea?

Am fost antrenati pentru lupta de gherila urbana, in caz de agresiune externa.  Eram organizati in grupuri mici care actionau pentru destabilizarea inamicului, pe teritoriul ocupat de el.

–S-au facut afirmatii in perioada revolutiei, ca nu exista trupe specializate in gherila urbana!  Este adevarat?

Nu!  In cazul in care se face exceptie de notiunea de inamic strain sau agresiune externa, pregatire multor generatii de militari au acest specific.

–Ati fi activat doar in termenul celor 9 luni?

Nu!  Noi sintem la dispozitia lor in permanenta.  Putem fi convocati telefonic sau printr-o alta modalitate conspirativa.  Existe case conspirative si depozite de munitie in plin Bucuresti, de unde ne-am fi aprovizionat cu armament si munitie pentru a efectua ambuscade, aruncari in aer si altele.

–Considerati ca dupa revolutie lucrurile s-au schimbat, cum apreciati ca ati fost chemat tot la o unitate fosta a Securitatii?

Am fost indignati si chiar ne-am manifestat in sensul acesta!  La toate intrebarile noastre n-am primit raspuns.  De abia la sfirsitul stagiului am aflat ca ne-am pregatit, de fapt, la trupele de jandarmi.

–Si pina atunci?

Col. Porumbelu ne-a tacut un mic istoric din care am sa citez:  “Din 22 dec. in 28 am fost teroristi!  Din 28 pina in martie am fost M.Ap.N.-isti.  Pina pe 5 iulie sintem trupe de jandarmi….

[Dinu Ispas, “Banease–Comedie muta ’90” Expres, iulie? /august ? 1990, p. ?]

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/2014/01/16/baneasa-comedie-muta-90-si-lupta-de-rezistenta-revista-securitatea/

Fact Checking articles on the 30th Anniversary of the Romanian Revolution (I): Most Shocking Revolution of 1989 Still Casts a Shadow on Europe (6 November 2019)

Because the Fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 was such a foundational event, a gamechanger, for the survival of the regimes of communist Eastern Europe, articles on the 30th anniversary of the collapse of communism in the region appear to have clustered around this date.  Thus, articles on the Romanian Revolution of December 1989 have begun to trickle out in different languages.  I will address some of the claims in some of the articles in the following series.

Journalists are unfortunately at the mercy of their interlocutors when it comes to December 1989…

Most Shocking Revolution of 1989 Still Casts a Shadow on Europe

Romania’s transition from communism was far from peaceful.

November 6, 2019, 12:00 AM EST

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-11-06/romania-news-30-years-after-fall-of-communism-remains-unsettled

An excerpt:
One man who’s witnessed Romania’s journey at close quarters is Mircea Gheorghe, a former policeman from Targoviste. His story starts in the revolution, when protesters feared the iron hand of the security service, the Securitate, and carries on through Romania’s troubled accession to the EU.  On Dec. 22, 1989, Gheorghe was on a training course in Bucharest when all officers were required to change into civilian clothes and head to where Ceausescu was due to speak. The square was only half full and the police were to make up the numbers. The reason only slowly dawned on him….The regime was dismantling rapidly. Stopped by Securitate officers, Gheorghe and his colleague were told to get back to base, where the military gave them weapons and took them to a cemetery in the west of the capital. They were told to seek out “terrorists” who were hiding there—only no-one was to be found. The officers were just being used as stooges to allow the army to show it was defending the revolution, he said.  “All of a sudden a military helicopter showed up and started shooting at us,” Gheorghe said. “Four or five of my colleagues were killed. I was lucky because I managed to hide and take cover.” The shock took an immediate toll: “A few days later I was completely grey. I was 31.”
The Most Shocking Revolution of 1989 Still Casts a Dark Shadow
Mircea Gheorghe outside the town hall in Targoviste.
Photographer: Rodney Jefferson/Bloomberg
What’s wrong with the above?
1) Mircea Gheorghe is a former policeman [most likely Militie, always a possibility undercover Securitate]
2) He was “on a training course in Bucharest” on 22 December 1989
3) He and the other officers were required to change into civilian clothes
4) Some of his police officer colleagues were killed by a military helicopter, but there were no “terrorists”
The cemetery in question is pretty clearly Ghencea.
Who is more credible about December 1989, Mircea Gheorghe, or the Olympic Sharpshooters who fought in Ghencea?   (And ahem, one would expect Olympic sharpshooters to know a thing or two about the weapons and munitions used by those they engaged…)

Romanian Olympic Shooter Downplays His Role in Revolution

TIMES STAFF WRITER
From every revolution blossom legendary moments.
Paul Revere’s ride. Marie Antoinette’s beheading. A lone Chinese man blocking the path of a Red Army tank in Tien An Men Square.
Situations are magnified when performed in the theater of change.
But sometimes, in this chaotic environment, circumstances become muddled and legends exaggerated.
Last December, the world was entranced by an unfolding drama on the streets of Bucharest, Romania. Previously faceless citizens were voicing opposition to the repressive rule of dictator Nicolae Ceausescu.
In contrast to nearby Czechoslovakia, where the downfall of the Communist Party was accomplished peacefully, Ceausescu was being uprooted by force.
Daily televised reports showed mobs in Bucharest’s Palace Square chanting slogans and opposing the Securitat, the dictator’s private army that controlled the country through intimidation.
In 11 days of bloodshed, many riveting stories were reported. But perhaps none was as captivating as those about Romanian Olympic pistol shooters Ion Corneliu and Sorin Babii, who reportedly volunteered to flush out Communist forces and defend a military target.
Now, though, Corneliu, Romania’s three-time Olympian in pistol competition, says such reports were exaggerated.
“It’s just not true,” he said last week at the 1990 World Cup USA tournament at Petersen’s Prado Tiro Ranges in Chino.
Corneliu, 39, one of six Romanians on an international tour, downplayed his role in last winter’s fighting. He and Tiron Costica, the national team trainer, spoke about the revolution and its legacy with the help of U.S. national pistol coach, Dan Iuga, a Romanian who defected seven years ago.
“The shooters (mostly military personnel) were confined to their units,” Corneliu recalled. “They stayed put and fought from there.”
Corneliu, a major, won a gold medal at the Moscow Olympics and a silver at Los Angeles. Partially because of these performances, he recently was named president of the Romanian Shooting Federation.
During the 11 days that shook Romania, Corneliu had more important concerns than target practice at his military club in the Ghencea neighborhood of northeast Bucharest.
“During the first night of fighting, the captain of our (national) rugby team was killed and a couple others were wounded at our base,” Corneliu said. “Somehow the people were prepared to fight the regime. But you know, it is scary to start to fight. . . . They were shooting real bullets.”
Corneliu said the national shooting team missed the major battles because it was stationed outside the city center. He said that although most of the shooters were military club personnel, they were considered soldiers once the rapid-fire events began.
That was a few days before the actual fighting, Corneliu said. When it was apparent that independent movements from cities such as Timisoara were spreading throughout the country, army leaders were told to suppress the activists.
Commanders, however, emerged as a pivotal opposition force, and earned enormous prestige.
“When the time came for Ceausescu to leave, we received orders to defend our position against anybody who would try to attack,” Corneliu said. “We suddenly became part of the revolution.
“It was very lucky that the army was ordered not to move. If we had received an order to fight against the revolution it would have been a blood bath.
“The army was not trained for this kind of war in the city, and the psychological warfare. The Securitat already had alternate plans in case something like this happened. The army just wondered what it should do.”
In an effort to thwart revolutionaries, Securitat forces tried to overtake strategic points around Bucharest, including television, radio and telephone communication centers, the airport and Corneliu’s base.
Corneliu said Ceausescu’s forces wanted access to the base’s gunnery.
“They would shoot in our direction and we would answer,” he said. “But we didn’t know who was there or where they were.
“The terrorists had a lot of sophisticated equipment. So, even though they were small in numbers they could cover a great area. The Securitat ran the country, even the army.”
The loyalist sharpshooters were equipped with infrared telescopic sights and were able to pick off Romania’s revolutionary soldiers at night, the Soviet news agency Tass reported last December.
Whereas Corneliu and other Romanian national shooters were isolated in their fortress, Costica was among the thousands in Palace Square demanding Ceausescu’s ouster after 24 years of control.
Costica said the gripping, spontaneous scenes will stay with him forever.
“A separate group of security forces were dressed like riot police one day,” he said. “We were face to face with them. We asked them, ‘You’re our brothers. What are you doing?’ They did not say anything. They were unmoving, as if they were on drugs.”
Some of the poignant moments downtown occurred when armored trucks and tanks crushed people who tried to block their way. Corneliu said his brother, a doctor who worked in a hospital emergency room, treated some of those victims.
After a month’s traveling, the Romanians looked a bit weary but understood the importance of talking publicly about their country’s plight. Western curiosity has generated an endless stream of questions.
Four months ago, they would have been uncomfortable discussing the East European political landscape in the United States.
“(Before), when we left the country we couldn’t say anything,” Costica said. “We could never tell people that we didn’t believe in the Communist system but only played along because it was the only way to participate in what you wanted to do.
“Our athletes feel they have been persecuted by the system too. We didn’t get any special advantages. We would have been thrown in prison the next day if we said anything while out of the country.”
So now they talk. And they dream.
The political and economic realities have replaced the giddiness of those heady days just after Ceausescu and his family were executed.
To the west, there is the Hungarian question in Transylvania. The Romanians do not want the minority population there to join neighboring Hungary.
To the east there is the Moldavian question in the Soviet Union. The Romanians want to reunite with the Soviet republic. A secret pact by Hitler in 1939 allowed Moldavia’s annexation by the USSR.
Corneliu said he cannot predict the outcome of these pressing issues.
But revolutionary hero or not, he is proud to have played a role in determining Romania’s future.

Moreover, it is informative to read the reminiscences of the pilot of a military helicopter that flew to the Ghencea Cemetery during these days.  He recalls how the helicopter was attacked and damaged by a bullet type that was not in the arsenal of Romanian Defense Ministry forces at the time–i.e. suggesting that he like Corneliu and Babii above, had no doubt they were fighting a real enemy, the “terrorists” dismissed by the former policeman, Mircea Gheorghe…

http://www.resboiu.ro/povestea-purtatoarei-de-drapel-puma-74-la-revolutie/

Domnule căpitan-comandor (r) Adrian Constantinescu, în decembrie 1989 eraţi pilot militar încadrat la Regimentul 61 Elicoptere, care se afla la Titu-Boteni….

– Revenim? Ce s-a întâmplat când aţi ajuns la „Ghencea”?

– A început să se tragă în noi… I-am spus domnului Mateiciuc: „Priviţi, din dreapta se trage în noi în draci! Deja au început să ne ia bine în cătare!”. Tirul se concentra din ce în ce mai mult asupra elicopterului. Fiind gloanţe-trasoare, puteai să le vezi.

– Ştiu că elicopterul “Puma” nu avea blindaj…

– Nu. Ne-au ciuruit elicopterul, dar am avut noroc să nu ne lovească vreun glonţ, piloţi şi mecanic. Dar, din rezervoare curgea combustibilul ca prin sită. În mod normal, rezervoarele aveau un strat de protecţie dintr-o soluţie specială, care, după ce trecea glonţul, se solidifica şi astupa gaura. Dar cred că rezervoarele noastre erau simple… Domnul Mateiciuc a zis: „La vale!” Şi am plecat de-acolo, pe la „Drumeţul”, printre blocuri. În mintea noastră era următorul lucru: „Dacă zburăm la nivelul blocurilor, nu vor mai trage în noi, să nu lovească blocurile.”

– Artileria antiaeriană a tras? Mă gândesc că poate aveau aşa ceva la Minister…

– Nu, nu a tras.

Cum a fost afectat elicopterul?

– Grav. Prin partea stângă trecea conducta instalaţiei hidraulice, de grosimea unui creion. A fost spartă de un glonţ foarte subţire, probabil de 5,5 mm. Mă întreb, cine avea pe vremea aceea aşa ceva? Trecusem de locul unde astăzi se află complexul comercial „Billa” când ni s-a aprins hidraulica stângă, ne-am uitat la indicator, am văzut că scade presiunea… Poate ştiţi, foarte mulţi au murit din cauza defectării instalaţiei hidraulice, pentru că atunci comenzile devin foarte rigide. Abia dacă doi inşi pot să le controleze. Şi, pe măsură ce părăseam cartierul „Drumul Taberei”, uşor comenzile elicopterului nostru începeau să se îngreuneze. Ne-am apropiat de locul în care autostrada spre Piteşti se intersectează cu calea ferată care duce la Roşiorii de Vede. Şi am aterizat acolo, cu vreo 200 de metri până în calea ferată. Dar nu în câmp, pe arătură, pentru că veneam perpendicular pe direcţia arăturii şi ar fi existat riscul să ne răsturnăm la afundarea roţilor în arătură. Am venit cu uşoară viteză de înaintare, uşor rulaj, comenzile fiind dificil de stăpânit. Şi am auzit în cască pilotul unui alt elicopter care se îndrepta spre Boteni că se văita că a încasat un glonţ în fesă. Noi l-am rugat să anunţe la unitate despre soarta noastră. După aproximativ o oră, o oră şi jumătate, a venit un elicopter pilotat de Octavian Tudor şi Eugen Suciu, cu o echipă tehnică. Am luat toată muniţia de pe elicopterul nostru şi am plecat la unitate.

Col. Florea Lazarescu (D.S.S. Directia a 5-a, sursa, Rechizitoriul din Dosarul Revolutiei): “Aprindeti Luminari pentru Generalul Iulian Vlad!” (Democratia, iulie 1991)

https://rolandothomassonphd.home.blog/2019/06/13/rechizitoriul-din-dosarul-revolutiei-sursa-col-florea-lazarescu-sef-serviciu-operatii-si-tehnic-directia-a-5-a-mitingul-din-21-decembrie/

nr. 140 pe “lista teroristilor” (p. 18):  U.M. 0666 Buc. colonel, retinut in noapte de 23/24.12.1989 in fostul sediului al C.C.  http://www.danbadea.net/2009/12/21/documente-inedite-lista-teroristilor-din-decembrie-1989-2/

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Lăzărescu, Florea Aprindeţi lumânări pentru generalul Iulian Vlad : [interviu] / cu Florea Lăzărescu ; realizat de Eugen Florescu. – Bucureşti, decembrie 1989 Democraţia. – Anul 2, nr. 3, iul.1991. – p. 3. https://arhiva.bibmet.ro/Uploads/Revolutia%201989.pdf

Scan-001

Mihail Montanu, Rechizitoriul v. 1990

Mihal Montanu este citat de multe ori in Rechizitoriul din Dosarul Revolutiei.  Interesant de constatat este cum s-a evoluat memoria/povestea lui Montanu dupa 1990…
În mod deosebit este relevantă pentru înţelegerea „cazului Trosca” declaraţia martorului Montanu Mihail, membru CFSN, (Comisia Senatorială, Stenograma nr.14 din 10.11.1993 – dos.J.I.4, vol.169). Acesta a relatat următoarele: „La un moment dat, pe 23 decembrie, vine generalul Militaru şi zice: „Ne atacă teroriştii – securitatea!”. Vlad, care era şi el prezent, a spus: „Ai mei, am dat ordin să fie consemnaţi în unităţi, iar dintre ai mei, singurii care au forţă de izbire sunt cei de la Brigada antiteroristă, ori comandantul lor e aici, se jură cu mâna pe scriptură că ai lui sunt în cazarmă, iar armamentul e sigilat.” Militaru îl acuză: „Nu se poate, pentru că sunteţi trădători”. Înainte de venirea generalului Militaru, eu am stat de vorbă şi cu Ardeleanu şi cu Neagoe şi cu Vlad, au dat în scris că unităţile sunt consemnate în cazărmi, armamentul este sigilat şi au făcut şi un jurământ de credinţă pentru patrie şi revoluţie. Cert este că foile acelea două, mi-au fost subtilizate din buzunar şi au dispărut. Pe 23 decembrie, după-amiază, generalul Militaru a dat ordin să plece cineva să verifice unitatea USLA… [p. 265]

https://www.b1.ro/docs/rechizitoriu/rechizitoriu-anonimizat-251-375.pdf

 

In mai 1990, Montanu isi aducea aminte cam diferit ceea a ce au relatat sefii Securitatii Generalii Vlad si Neagoe atunci…

“…numai detaliile pe care li le-am cerut privind dispozitivul subteran din Piata Palatului, generalul Vlad mi-a spus ca nu cunoaste nimic in acest sens, in vreme ce generalul Neagoe [DSS V-a] mi-a desenat o schita aproximativa, dar in privinta fortelor, care atacau din subteran a spus ca nu stie nimic si ca intregul efectiv al unitatii sale s-ar afla in cazarma, ceea ce nu s-a confirmat.”

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Mihai Montanu, interviu luat de Horia Alexandrescu, “Marturii din Linia-ntii (VII), Tineretul Liber, 13 mai 1990, p. I; II-a. (Library of Congress)

Cornel Mihalache: “Partidul Comunist si Armata hotarati sa sacrifice Securitatea…Securitatea nu raspunde la provocari, lasand armata fara inamic” (min. 21, Televiziunea la Zidul Revolutiei, 2014) (II)

https://rolandothomassonphd.home.blog/2019/07/01/cornel-mihalache-partidul-comunist-si-armata-hotarati-sa-sacrifice-securitatea-securitatea-nu-raspunde-la-provocari-lasand-armata-fara-inamic-min-21-televiziunea-la-zidul-revolutiei-2014/

Fullscreen capture 722019 73430 AM

Una dintre cele mai jalnice–si sunt multe–scene (inscenari) ale filmului.  Dupa ce Dan Voinea spunea ca n-a existat nici un terorist in zona B.C.U.-ului, si Cornel Mihalache clarifica deci nu era vina lui Nicolae Ceausescu, urma o discutie despre cine avea responsabilitatea pentru distrugerea bibliotecii…o anumita ofiter din Armata Mircea Muresan, omul care mai tarziu, sosit General, a semnat teza de doctorat a lui ASR Principele Radu despre “Biblioteca in flacari”…Cornel Mihalache se confrunta cu Principele Radu cu aceasta “contradictie” si Principele Radu incearca sa se apare…numai ca totul e bazat pe o minciuna…ca n-ar fi existat teroristi atunci…mai ales in zona Palatulul Regal…totul in filmul lui Mihalache este analizat si judecat…fara context

Met Officials Visit Rumania To Help With Damaged Art

BUCHAREST, Rumania, Jan. 18— Rumania’s National Museum of Art, severely damaged in last month’s popular uprising, was visited today by two senior officials of the Metropolitan Museum of Art who said they wanted to see whether American art institutions could help in the restoration.

”We are here in collegial solidarity,” said Philippe de Montebello, the director of the Metropolitan, who arrived here on Wednesday afternoon with Everett Fahy, the Metropolitan’s curator of European paintings.

They were guided through the storerooms Wednesday and today by Theodor Enescu, the new director of the Rumanian museum, and members of the staff who showed the visitors Rumanian and Italian works that had been holed by bullets and melted by fire.

”We came to see the extent of the damage and to explore ways we could be helpful,” Mr. de Montebello said halfway through the tour. He said he would report to a meeting of American art museum directors later this month on the Rumanian museum’s need for restoration laboratory equipment, microscopes and rice paper to cover the damaged works.

”It is not impossible that a few selected paintings, possibly with one of the Rumanian restorers, will be brought to the Metropolitan for work,” he said.

Bullets and Broom Handles

The Metropolitan’s restoration staff has an international reputation, he said, having assisted the Prado Museum in Madrid in restoring some of its paintings. Asked whether the Metropolitan restorers had experience with bullet holes, Mr. de Montebello said: ”If a broom handle accidentally is stuck in a canvas, the canvas doesn’t know the difference from a bullet hole.”

The first hint that the museum’s huge collections, including Old Masters, might be in danger last month came when a group of people knocked at the door and demanded ”the goods.”

That was the morning of Dec. 22. The day before, President Nicolae Ceaucescu had spoken from across Palace Square at his central committee building and, after being interrupted by booing and shouting, had primised ”bunuri” – ”the goods” -to his repressed people. Now the large square was full of restive Rumanians again.

”What we were afraid of was thieves,” said Codruta Cruceanu, a member of the museum’s staff of 60.

She and the others, aided by art students, Bucharest painters and ordinary citizen volunteers, began moving thousands of paintings and other artworks to a second-floor storage room. They left a Rembrandt, a Jan Bruegel, some Memlings and a large El Greco on the walls.

”We never expected shooting,” Miss Cruceanu said.

Museum Becomes a Fortress

But that afternoon, a few hours after Mr. Ceaucescu and his wife had fled the capital by helicopter, hundreds of members of his elite bodyguard, the so-called Special Troop, entered the museum and turned it into a fortress.

The bodyguards were armed with bazookas, machine guns and sniper rifles and they began firing at people in the square and at units of the Rumanian army that had joined the popular uprising. Another unit of the Special Troop did the same thing in the venerable library of the University of Bucharest across the square.

Miss Cruceanu said the bodyguards, who were part of the Ceaucescu state security forces called Securitate, had entered the museum mostly by the skylights from the old royal palace, which is part of the same buildling complex as the art museum. One floor of the museum is in fact directly above the former palace throne room, which Mr. Ceausescu had used for state ceremonies.

Within a short time, army forces were firing back at the museum and at the university library. The shooting resumed Dec. 23 and continued night and day until Dec. 25. All of the museum’s windows were shot out and there are holes in the walls big enough to drive a car through.

Fires broke out on all three floors of the museum, and at the library, the Securitate troops set fire to the building before retreating into deep underground tunnels that lace the capital.

In the museum the fires destroyed the entire archives of the graphic arts department and the decorative arts department. ”Decades of work were burned up,” said Miss Cruceanu, including embroidery studies by Anka Lazarescu, icon studies by Anna Dobjanschi and momument studies by Liana Tugearu. The museum’s restoration laboratory was also burned out.

Rumanian Paintings Damaged

Of the various collections, 75 Rumanian paintings from the 19th and 20th centuries were damaged, although most of the works of Nicolae Grigorescu, an Impressionist who is regarded as Rumania’s greatest painter, were preserved because they had been taken down earlier so that the exhibition room could be repainted. Miss Cruceanu said that 45 other paintings and 10 sculptures had been seriously damaged and that at least 10 paintings had been burned ”beyond recognition.” Among the damaged works are a 17th-century painting of Hercules by Luca Giordano, ”Mother With Child” by Allesandro Allori, ”Samson Destroying the Temple” by Giulio Procaccini, and a 16th-century Italian Annunciation scene. Four Rumanian icons were hit by bullets.

Of four large tapestries on the third floor, one was almost completely burned.

Mr. de Montebello and Mr. Fahy were originally scheduled to be received by Alexandru Cebuc, whom Mr. Ceaucescu had appointed director of the museum. But earlier this week Mr. Cebuc, whom Miss Cruceanu described as a dictator himself, was ousted by the Minister of Culture, Andrei Plesu, and replaced by Mr. Enescu.

Compared to the university library, where irreplaceable manuscripts were incinerated by the Securitate forces, the museum collections, having been largely brought to safety, were for the most part preserved.

But it will be many months before the museum can reopen. It still smells of smoke, and the construction crew replacing the windows and bricking up the gunfire holes leaves something to be desired. ”They are from the Carpati Enterprise, which worked on Ceaucescu’s building projects,” Miss Cruceanu said. ”Yesterday we found them building a fire on the second floor to keep warm. It would be simpler to start the museum anew from the ground up.”

One of the very few visual displays in the museum is a huge color poster showing Nicolae and Elena Ceaucescu standing with some Rumanian children in national costume. Workers painted a caption, ”The Most Beloved Masters,” above it and then put yellow and red devils’ ears and swastikas on the faces of the pair. Miss Cruceanu said that the museum had been forced to display a large portrait of the Ceaucescus in a field of wheat during the dictatorship, but that, mercifully, it was gone now.

Photo: ”Portrait of a Woman,” by Sava Hantia, one of many recently damaged works at the Rumanian National Museum in Bucharest, being examined by Philippe de Montebello, right, director of the Metropolitan Museum, and a curator, Everett Fahy. (Associated Press for The New York Times)

 

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/trupe-speciale-ale-comandantului-suprem-nicolae-ceausescu-marturie-video-arad/

 

Ing. Dan Iliescu, Muzeul de Arta

Pe la ora 21 [22 decembrie 1989] au aparut parasutistii din Boteni.  Incepusera sa traga si TAB-urile in Palat.  Sarisera in aer toate geamurile.  Aveam senzatia ca trag in noi trupele speciale.  Se tragea din Athenee, din B.C.U., de peste tot.

In pauzele de tir, mai ieseam si afara.  Pe la miezul noptii am vazut cum a luat foc B.C.U..

S-a tras din Muzeu permanent. Aveam impresia ca se trage de la parter, de la arta feudala….Armele lor sunau altfel. Aveau o cadenta sanatoasa. A doua zi si in zilele urmatoare am gasit gloante in Muzeu. Nu erau gloante obisnuite. Aveau un virf tesit. Pareau imbricate intr-o camasa de plumb. Era un calibru intre cinci, cinci si ceva. N-au vrut uslasii [ USLA] sa ne lasa nici un glont. I-am rugat sa ne lasa macar de amintire. N-au vrut! Au zis ca au nevoie pentru identificare. Au notat de unde le-au ridicat.”

Ion Zubascu, “Misterioasa revolutie romana,” Flacara, 19 decembrie 1990, p. 11.

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/muzeul-de-arta-bucuresti-decembrie-1989/

Col. (r) Ilie Stoleru, interviu luat de Mihail Galatanu, Flacara, (nr. 29, 22 iulie 1992), p. 7.

La ce fapte ati fost martor si ati participat in noaptea de 22 spre 23 decembrie?

I.S.:  […Cu o masinaARO am plecat sa verific cele 11 obiective avute in grija…] Am incercat, in jurul orei 1,30 (noaptea), sa verific dispozitivile.  Masina in care ma aflam a primit o rafala trasa dintru-un ARO civil alb.  Pe o straduta care da spre Antiaeriana am primit (ma aflam intru-un ARO al armatei) o alta rafala de pistol automat, care a taiat crengile copacilor din fata noastra, iar ele au cazut pe capota din fata masinii.

Nu putea veni de la o alta formatiune a armatei?

I.S.:  Nu putea veni, deoarece eu cunoastem amplasamentrul trupelor din zona….

Ce armament aveau in dotare formatiunile numite teroriste?

I.S.:  Aveau arme cu amortizoare, cu mecanisme cu luneta, pentru lupta pe timp de noapte (in ,infrarosu’), gloante cu cap-vidia.  Armament foarte modern.  Comisiile civile si militare nu si-au dus treaba (de elucidare) la capat.  Cu mine ce putin, comisia trebuia neaparat sa stea de vorba, dar cu mine n-a vorbit nimeni.  In fata comisiei lui Nicolaescu nu m-am dus fiindca, va spun drept, am avut retineri.  Toate casele (locuintele) din preajma C.C.-ului trebuiau luate pe liste de la I.C.R.A.L. si verificate….

Cum era ,scenariul’ luptei?

I.S.:  In jurul orei 17,00, se tragea din spate de la ,Cina’ (dir directia strazii ,Golesti’) un foc.  Ii raspundea altul din Piata Palatului, apoi urmau serii (rafale) si incepea un foc concertat.  Scenariul a fost repetat zilnic (citeva zile la rind).  Dupa ora 19,30-21,00, scenariul incepea iarasi cu focuri, care durau toata noaptea, dar nu mai era concertata.  In timpul zilei, mai rar.  Din investigatiile pe care le-am facut, am gasit urme de singe prin cladirile prin care am intrat, dar nu existau acolo (nu erau lasate) cadavre, sau gloante ramase.  Cind a inceput sa arda B.C.U., am anuntat pompierii, dar ei au ajuns abia dupa patru ore!!

Sa revenim la faptele stranii, fara explicatie…

I.S.:  Capitanul Ciontea, comandantul batalionului de geniu-aviatie–aflat in subordinea mea–mi-a raportat ca in hotelul Ambasador au fost aciuati teroristi.  Cind s-a deplasat acolo o chipa din brigada antiterorista a gasit trei insi coborind pe scari, imbracati in fulgarine.  Le-a spus:  ,stati, nu trageti, ca va seceram!”  I-au perchezionat.  Sub fulgarine aveau un intreg arsenal.  Pe diferite ,rafturi’ interioare, aveau, pe dedesubt, cutite incovolate, tepi, sisuri, cirlige.  Si dincolo, pe partea cealalta, aveau arme de foc.  Ce s-a intimplat cu ei, cine i-a luat, unde i-a dus?

Ati mai gasit ceva asemanator si la alte hoteluri?

I.S.:  La hotel UNION, cel de linga cofetaria–TURN, s-a mai intimplat ceva.  Am primit telefon de la directorul hotelului ca au aparut 30 de insi care s-au dat drept militieni in misiune.  Ziua stateau in camere, iar dupa caderea noptii plecau in oras.  Noaptea dispareau.  Asta se intimpla pe 24 decembrie, la orele 16,00.

Alte evenimente care dau de gindit?

I.S.:  Cind mi-am mutat punctul de comanda in Piata Valter Maracineanu, acolo, vizavi, se gasea un bloc unde locuiau doar militari si salariati ai M.I.

Ce se-ntimpla acolo?

I.S.:  Cum actionau:  cu lumini si perdele in diagonala.  Acolo se gasea, probabil, un ,punct de comanda’ ai teroristilor.  Se comunica undeva in alta parte.  Cercetind blocul, am ajuns la o anumita incapere.  Am gasit-o sigilata.  Am rupt sigiliul si am intrat.  Erau pahare si mucuri de tigara pe jos, fara mobile inauntru.  De acolo se semnaliza.

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/col-r-ilie-stoleru-1992/

Viorel Neagoe (C.C.-ul dupa ora 17,30 22 decembrie)

 

Nu am apucat insa sa le amplasam pentru transmisie pentru ca in jurul orei 17,30, dupa ce o rafala a spart un geam la etajul I al C.C.-ului, ca la un semnal, s-a deschis focul asupra Pietei de la toate geamurile cladirilor care marginesc piata, mai putin C.C.-ul. Timp de circa 5 minute s-a tras in sus probabil pentru ca, desi ma asteptam ca Piata sa se transforme intr-o baie de singe, oamenii au fost lasati sa se imprastie sau sa se ascunda pe sub camioane.  Dupa un timp insa gloantele au inceput sa coboare, lovind ici, colo, cite un civil, dar tirul era concentrat asupra TAB-urilor (5 la numar) care erau amplasate in dreptul Directiei a V-a.

In momentul cind am vazut ca focul nu se mai opreste, am rugat prin statie sa ni se trimita ajutor militar de urgenta.  Focul a fost continuu timp de 80 minute pina cinda, in sfirsit, in piata au aparut 6 tancuri care s-au raspindit in evantai in fata carului si au tras cu mitralierele asupra cladirilor din jur.  Din acel moment focul din partea opusa a incetat, ca dupa 20 de minute sa se reia cu aceeasi intensitate.  Dupa mai multe astfel de reprize, in ,Sala diplomatiilor’ din Consilul de Stat a avut loc o explozie, in urma cariea flacarile au izbucnit violent.  Au chemat pompierii, tot prin intermediul turnului si acestia au venit in circa 10 minute.

Dupa aceea flacarile au izbucnit la cupola B.C.U.-ului, dar se pare ca asta s-a intimplat dupa ce se mistuise tot ce era inauntru.  Schimbul de foc a continuat mult timp, pina cind cei din tancuri au inceput sa traga cu tunurile asupra cladirii Consilului de Stat.  In urmatorul interval de timp, cei care trageau din Consiliu au inceput sa se urce spre etajele superioare, in final iesind pe acoperis circa 10-12 insi imbracati in pantaloni negi si camasi cu mineca scurta.  Desi au fost somati de mai multe ori–circa 15 minute–sa se predea ca li se garanteaza viata, acestia continuau sa fluture drapele rosii.  La un moment dat unul din ei a luat o mitraliera unui tanc din fata noastra i-a secerat pe toti (se pare deci ca cei in cauza nu aveau voie sa se predea vii).  Pe doi dintre acesti tipi, prinsi de catre revolutionari in jurul orei 19,00, i-am vazut de la 2 metri distanta si aratau a mercenari arabi, dupa culoare si echipament (au fost dusi in C.C., dar nu stiu ce s-a intimplat cu ei)…

Revolutia Romana in direct vol. I, (Bucuresti, 1990), pp. 245-248.

https://romanianrevolutionofdecember1989.com/viorel-neagoe-c-c-ul-dupa-ora-1730-22-decembrie/ 

 

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